December 3, 2014 Swedish report provides current knowledge of climate change in Sweden

Higher temperatures, viagra 100mg more precipitation and shorter winter season. The Swedish climate has already changed, cure and this will continue while the average global temperature increases. In a report from SMHI, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, and the Swedish Energy Agency, the current knowledge of climate change, impacts and responses are now presented.

The report includes a summary and analysis of current climate research which is of relevance to Sweden’s environmental objectives Begränsad klimatpåverkan (reduced climate impact), the climate and energy policy objectives for 2020, and the vision for Sweden 2050 to have a sustainable and resource efficient energy supply and no net greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. In addition, the report provides examples of how adaptation in our society could be improved.

Climate Change in Sweden: the current state of the science

The UN’s climate panel IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report on Climate Change (AR5) is essentially in line with previous reports but contains additional information and previous knowledge in more depth. With help of new knowledge, including from the AR5, the current knowledge state of climate change in Sweden is described in the Swedish report.

Erik Kjellström, climate scientist and head of SMHI’s climate research unit Rossby Centre, says that although Sweden can get stronger heat waves in the summer, the biggest difference in temperature is actually during the winter months which is much larger than the rise in the global average temperature.

Research shows that

  • The intensity of cloudburst and heavy rain increases in a warmer climate, which can cause increased problems of flooding – this is also expected to happen in Sweden due to a rise in temperature
  • Floods may also affect low-lying coastal areas in southern Sweden when sea levels rise
  • Global warming has consequences for agriculture, forestry, and natural ecosystems

Adaptation from society needed

Pelle Boberg, administrator for climate at the Environmental Protection Agency’s analysis and research department, is convinced that it’s not too late to take action. However, reducing emission is urgent and needs to be achieved within a short period of time.

To counter the inevitable consequences of climate change requires from society to adapt to both the current climate and new conditions. For example, energy efficiency, sustainable community planning and renewable technologies will be crucial for the success. But also international cooperation and tools to promote emission reduction are necessary because large reduction in emissions requires extensive changes from the entire world, both in industrialised countries and in those with a rapidly growing economy.

Further information

The report is available in Swedish and to download from SMHI’s website

At the beginning of 2015, SMHI will also publish a more in-depth scientific basis on the progress of Sweden’s adaptation to climate change.